Native Americans Today Today, some of the descendants of the original American Indians live on reservations. Except that the introduction of new diseases to Native Americans was devastating to their population. Native American Indian tribes, Cultures & Languages Map Collections 1500-2004. Native American Housing from the Pre-contact Period Native American tribes built homes and shelter according to the climate, agriculture, and materials of their environment. European settlers brought these new diseases with them when they settled, and the illnesses decimated the Native Americans—by some estimates killing as much as 90 percent of … However, only around 30% live on reservations. Even before the European settlement of what is now the United States, Native Americans suffered high fatalities from contact with new European diseases, to which they had not yet acquired immunity; the diseases were endemic to the Spanish and other Europeans, and spread by direct contact and likely through pigs that escaped from expeditions. Powerful kingdoms , beautiful sculpture, complex trade, tremendous wealth, centers for advanced learning — all are hallmarks of African civilization on the eve of the age of exploration. This website describes different types of native American dwellings, including hogans, tipis and igloos, and shows their distribution on a map of the continent. Many years before Christopher Columbus actually stumbled upon the Americas there actually were people living in North America. Native American Life Pre-Contact- There were many diverse Native American people before the arrival of Europeans. Not only did Europeans and Native Americans speak different languages, but the languages in Europe and the Americas were wildly different among themselves. They viewed Native Americans as a wild, godless people. Even before so many of the natives were killed, a good many of them did not live in teepees at all.There were many different forms of dwellings used by different tribes in different regions. Before and during the colonial period of North America, Native American women had a role in society that contrasted with that of the settlers.Many women were leaders in Native American tribes. Using primary source diary extracts, pupils are able to understand and appreciate the first encounters between European settlers and the indigenous people of North America. (Think about the differences between Spanish and English, or Quechua and Algonquin.) They both had very defined gender roles in the family even though those roles were different with the Natives vs the Europeans. Approximately 30,000 years ago, the Paleo-Indians, the ancestors of Native Americans, followed herds of animals from Siberia across Beringia, a land bridge connecting Asia and North America, into Alaska. Why? . Native American History. Native Americans were also vulnerable during the colonial era because they had never been exposed to European diseases, like smallpox, so they didn’t have any immunity to the disease, as some Europeans did. And after the arrival of Europeans in the New World, Native Americans struggled intently to preserve the essentials of their diverse cultures while adapting to radically changing conditions. Native American history is made additionally complex by the diverse geographic and cultural backgrounds of the peoples involved. Although there were not written rules or complex governments, there was a defined structure and social norms that people were expected to conform to if they wanted to be a part of society. Native American History - Early History The History of Native Americans is both fascinating and in many ways, tragic. The rest live outside the reservations just like anyone else. European settlers didn’t understand Native American culture. However, again, this is really not accurate at all. Report broken link. Like the Inuit, the Cree were also hunter-gatherers before Europeans arrived on the continent. Wars Among Native Americans examines warfare between different Indian nations before and after contact with Euro‐Americans. These are areas of land set aside specifically for Native Americans. From a Native American perspective, the initial intentions of Europeans were not always immediately clear. This helps to protect their heritage and culture. Over the next 300 years, those numbers dropped by 90 percent. Image of Native Americans and Europeans. When the Europeans made first contact with the Native Americans they unknowingly brought deadly diseases such as Smallpox, Influenza. 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